The foundation for trauma theory has been firmly established across multiple disciplines and fields ranging from American studies, history, and psychoanalysis to cultural studies, sociology, and anthropology among others, with a particular upsurge in scholarship during the 1990s. That underpinning is reflected in the key texts cited in this article. Antze and Lambek 1996 , an interdisciplinary volume, includes essays that mobilize and problematize the concept of trauma as does Radstone 2007 in offering a critique of the tendency of trauma theory to revert to binaristic thinking from more sophisticated theoretical approaches previously established in film and media studies. Other works, such as Caruth 1996 , Tal 2004 , and Hirsch 1997 have concentrated on the representation of trauma through literature, film, and photography. Equally intense in their inquiries of trauma, the authors Felman and Laub 1992 , LaCapra 1994 , and Leys 2000 have engaged with both theoretical and clinical aspects of psychoanalysis and how they inform our contemporary understanding of individual and collective psychic wounds.
Freeman, who played Mandela in the 2009 film Invictus , also provides a solemn and dignified recitation of the poem beginning at 3:51 . Although the poem is best known for providing succour to Mandela in times of despair, its words of courage have served as inspiration to countless others. Famous figures who have drawn hope from "Invictus" include the father of Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi during his struggle for Burmese independence and tennis champion Andre Agassi . Rumor has it that . President Franklin D. Roosevelt was also quite fond of it. We’ve included the full text for "Invictus" below: