Despite all the negative effects of bullying, there are even far more serious consequences. People who have been bullied sometimes become so upset, scared, or depressed that they see no worth in themselves and no way out of their torment. There have been countless reports over the past few years of students committing suicide because they were bullied. Meanwhile, there are times when victims see no recourse but to seek revenge by serious acts of violence against the bully and instigators. As a result of bullying, people can lose their ability to love and trust, denying them the chance to experience a quality relationship later in their life. They might find themselves as a submissive partner or they may want to be completely alone. Compounding all of these problems, victims often develop eating disorders, begin to self-injure, or require extensive counseling. Social bullying can also leave people without a supportive group of friends that they can lean on and spend time with.
Feedback Form for WebCT Students: Click icon to the left for a form on which you can record your understanding of this material. (Password protected.) For further reading, we suggest "The Declining Middle," an essay in the Atlantic Monthly by Bob Kuttner. Kuttner's 1983 essay analyzes the effects of various economic changes in American life. (It is interesting to see, now, how much of what he said about these effects has come to be true.) For a lengthy and complex article that defines the causes of homosexuality, read Chandler Burr's "Homosexuality and Biology." Burr's article ( Atlantic , 1997) is also an excellent example of an essay that defines .
Finally, government paid attention to this problem. Tom Curry, National affairs writer in his article presents a debate between Hillary Clinton, conservative Republican senators Rick Santorum and Sam Browncak and Democratic senator Joe Lieberman. Senators explained the importance of study of the impact of the mass media on youth. The impact of media on youth is a question, which must be paid great attention to. A research presented by Kaiser Family Foundation shows that average American child spends 6 and half hours a day watching television and surfing in the Internet (cited in Curry). Hilary Clinton also shares these concerns. She states that “we are exposing children to so much media that it is becoming the dominant force in so many children’s lives” (Curry). It is necessary to warn parents about potential risks, created by the modern mass media for their children. There are several ways of dealing with this problem. Governmental regulation of media contents is one of the ways out but this demand is controversial, since it deal with the freedom of media and censorship can help to protect children from the one side but at the same time it can create dangers for freedom of speech. Senator Ted Stevens proposed to increase penalties for media, who break descent limits and transmit contents which have potential danger for children. Warning parents through special advertisements can be another way out. This will become a reminder for parents and help them to control the quality of media information, which is available for their children.
Very often we see advertisements of cigarettes, alcohol products and junk food. Every day children and teenagers get under the impact of advertisements, where men and women smoke, drink or eat unhealthy food. This type of advertisements may have a negative effect on the psychics of adults and this negative impact can have dangerous consequences when we speak about young adults and children. Advertisements of cigarettes, alcohol and junk food create positive connotation in the minds of children. They feel that consuming these products is fashionable and useful. They get messages every day from different media sources. “Advertisers of tobacco and alcohol purposely leave out the negative information about their products. As a result, young people often do not know what the health risks are when they use these products” (Bosman, 2006).
Food advertisements also create dangers for young people. Childhood and the period of puberty is a time, when all food habits are formed. Advertisements of unhealthy food have negative impact on children. In addition, the idea of slim and sporty bodies creates a controversy in the minds of children. Advertisements of thin women and athletic men create unrealistic perceptions, which can finally result in nervous exhaustion.
Violence is another problem created by mass media. Children see violence on TV every day. They feel stress, frustration and can become aggressive under the constant impact of violence in advertisement (Craig A. Anderson, Leonard Berkowitz, Edward Donnerstein). In the beginning violence is perceived like something unnatural but later they get used to it, since violence is a part of everyday information transmitted by media. Such process is called “AVIDS – acquired violence immune deficiency syndrome”. Violence in advertisements and mass media does not only have negative impact on children and teenagers but can be extremely dangerous” (Grossman, 1999). This syndrome has a direct impact on the level of violence among children and teenagers.
All these facts explain the additional interest of modern researchs to the problem. This field needs a detailed study due to the importance of the problem.