These different perspectives on the Enlightenment are perhaps inevitable, given that our own use of the term differs from that of 18th-century authors. While we refer by ‘Enlightenment’ to a historical period, contemporaries usually saw it as a tendency, a frame of mind or a set of cultural achievements. Even if they thought Lumières or Aufklärung typical of their own time (the English term was not commonly used), it was usually not seen as limited or unique to that period. Immanuel Kant’s essay of 1784, ‘What is Enlightenment?’, opens with the statement ‘Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity’. This is a plea for independent thinking, as expressed in his call ‘dare to know’ ( sapere aude ). It is in this sense that Kant saw his own time as a not yet enlightened age, but rather an age of enlightenment. According to this view, the Enlightenment might well still be a work in progress. Yet historians have to distinguish carefully between such normative assessments and historiographical markers; our 18th-century Enlightenment is not Kant’s perpetual process.
I got a nice new piano. I am giving my old one away. The piano we used a few weeks ago at 2nd Story Recording Studio has the long lost old Sorcerer piano in it, the one I recorded Dead Boy and certain songs from the last album on a few years ago!!! I was so happy to see it again. It seemed different. I tried to pretend that I recognized it. But it reminded me of the cat that changed color when it got a new owner. Norah Jones recorded her first record on that piano too. Anyway it sounded great.